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The Fourth Reich, officially the New German Reich of Argentina, was an underground quasi-state in South America from 1945 to 1982 and was led by the Organization of Former SS Members (ODESSA) and former Nazis which had fled to Argentina in 1945 after the fall of the Third Reich. It collapsed in 1982, when the last of the former Nazis in Argentina died.

History[]

Prehistory[]

In 1944, the German Reich began to lose World War II. Soviet forces began pushing westward and liberating Poland, whilst American and British forces began pushing eastward and liberating France. In response to Germany's decline, the Schutzstaffel (SS) prepared the Organization of Former SS Members (ODESSA) as an organizational plan to help the SS escape to Argentina. Argentina had pro-German sympathies in early World War II, but were eventually pressured by the Allies to declare war on Germany on March 27, 1945.

Ratlines[]

On May 2, 1945, Berlin, the capital of Germany, was captured by the Soviets. A few days later, on May 8, 1945, the German Reich surrendered to the Allies. The SS, seeing this, executed ODESSA and scattered from Europe, fleeing underground to Argentina. Among those to flee was Adolf Hitler himself, who faked his death to prevent the Allies from searching for him.

SS Insurgency[]

Main article: SS Insurgency

The Argentine government, along with the Allies, were not happy to see that the SS and former Nazis had managed to escape and were still alive. Argentina, having declared war on Germany in early 1945, would declare the SS an 'illegal political party'. The SS would ignore this voiding of it's existence by the Argentine government and proclaimed the New German Reich of Argentina, with it's soldiers and SS officers centering around the city of Río Cuarto. The SS would launch a guerrilla insurgency against the Argentine government, likely securing underground tunnels and roads around the city of Río Cuarto. The United Nations (UN) sided with Argentina, declaring the New German Reich of Argentina an illegal insurgency.

Dissolution[]

In 1962, Adolf Hitler was shot by an Argentine soldier. His death hurt the morale of the SS. Perhaps more importantly, the caused the Argentine government to find his body and hand it over to the UN. This shocked the UN, which had thought Hitler had been dead since 1945. This sudden discovery that Hitler had survived for seven years was shocking to all nations, especially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In 1982, the New German Reich of Argentine collapsed with the last former Nazis being captured by the Argentine government, which executed them for genocide, crimes against humanity, and treason the following year.

Politics[]

The politics of the New German Reich of Argentina are that of an authoritarian rump state. Adolf Hitler was the dictator of the Fourth Reich from 1945 to 1962, holding the title of 'Supreme Leader of the New German Reich of Argentina'. The title of Supreme Leader of the New German Reich of Argentina passed to Heinrich Himmler, the leader of the SS who had also fled to Argentina in 1945 after Hitler died in 1962. Himmler was captured by the Argentine forces in 1982, making him the last Supreme Leader of the New German Reich of Argentina. The Fourth Reich did not have any political parties and recognized the Organization of Former SS Members as the 'sole governing political body', though it essentially functioned as a one-party state.

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